fatoptimizer module

fatoptimizer API


The API is not stable yet.

fatoptimizer.__version__ is the module version string (ex: '0.3').

optimize(tree, filename, config)

Optimize an AST tree. Return the optimized AST tree.

pretty_dump(node, annotate_fields=True, include_attributes=False, lineno=False, indent=' ')

Return a formatted dump of the tree in node. This is mainly useful for debugging purposes. The returned string will show the names and the values for fields. This makes the code impossible to evaluate, so if evaluation is wanted annotate_fields must be set to False. Attributes such as line numbers and column offsets are not dumped by default. If this is wanted, include_attributes can be set to True.

class Config

Configuration of the optimizer.

See fatoptimizer configuration.

class FATOptimizer(config)

Code transformers for sys.set_code_transformers().

class OptimizerError

Exception raised on bugs in the optimizer.


The fatoptimizer module requires a Python 3.6 patched with PEP 510 “Specialize functions with guards” and PEP 511 “API for code transformers” patches.


pip install fatoptimizer

Manual installation:

python3.6 setup.py install

Optimized code requires the fat module at runtime if at least one function is specialized.


It is possible to configure the AST optimizer per module by setting the __fatoptimizer__ variable. Configuration keys:

  • enabled (bool): set to False to disable all optimization (default: true)
  • constant_propagation (bool): enable constant propagation optimization? (default: true)
  • constant_folding (bool): enable constant folding optimization? (default: true)
  • copy_builtin_to_constant (bool): enable copy builtin functions to constants optimization? (default: false)
  • inlining (bool): enable function inlining optimization? (default: false)
  • remove_dead_code (bool): enable dead code elimination optimization? (default: true)
  • maximum size of constants:
    • max_bytes_len: Maximum number of bytes of a text string (default: 128)
    • max_int_bits: Maximum number of bits of an integer (default: 256)
    • max_str_len: Maximum number of characters of a text string (default: 128)
    • max_seq_len: Maximum length in number of items of a sequence like tuples (default: 32). It is only a preliminary check: max_constant_size still applies for sequences.
    • max_constant_size: Maximum size in bytes of other constants (default: 128 bytes), the size is computed with len(marshal.dumps(obj))
  • replace_builtin_constant (bool): enable replace builtin constants optimization? (default: true)
  • simplify_iterable (bool): enable simplify iterable optimization? (default: true)
  • unroll_loops: Maximum number of loop iteration for loop unrolling (default: 16). Set it to 0 to disable loop unrolling. See loop unrolling and simplify comprehension optimizations.

Example to disable all optimizations in a module:

__fatoptimizer__ = {'enabled': False}

Example to disable the constant folding optimization:

__fatoptimizer__ = {'constant_folding': False}

See the Config class.

Run tests



You may need to install or update tox:

pip3 install -U tox

Run manually tests:

python3 test_fatoptimizer.py

There are also integration tests which requires a Python 3.6 with patches PEP 509, PEP 510 and PEP 511. Run integration tests:

python3.6 -X fat test_fat_config.py
python3.6 -X fat test_fat_size.py